Corruption is a generic disease that has pervaded every aspect of society, so much so that even law enforcement agencies have not been spared. Corruption within the legal and judicial system especially those within the police and law enforcement departments has been a source for concern for ordinary citizens and political administrators. Corruption exists where the government is. The manifestations of corruption are everywhere the government and its institutions which make decisions exist. Scientists started showing interest in the problem of corruption only on the second part of decade when Lithuania became independent. The criminal acts of corrupt character in the act of corruption prevention of the Republic of Lithuania are described as bribery, influence marketing, a bribe and other criminal acts if they are rendered in the public administrative sector or extending public service aiming for profit for themselves or other parties such as corrupt practices or going beyond their commission, misuse of official authority, falsification of papers or measures, fraud, wealth appropriation or dissipation, revelation of a service secret, disclosure of a commercial secret, introduction of false information about income, profit or wealth, capital or money legalisation which are obtained in criminal manner, interference in the proceedings of a public official or a person who fulfils public administrative functions or the rest criminal acts which result in taking or trying for a bribe, bribery or covering up for bribery. The national development of law pays most attention to the administrative corruption and the prevention of officers’ misuse at work. As a result, further to this article the authoresses are going to pay most attention to manifestations of corruption in Lithuania’s police and the State Border Guard Service.
A quasilinear iterative method (QLM) is introduced for a general form of Phi-four equation subject to non-homogeneous boundary conditions. Both second order partial derivatives in space and time are linear operators in Phi-four equation but the presence of nonlinear term makes the equation nonlinear. In QLM, we perform linearizion on nonlinear term to make it linear and finally get an iterative form of linear PDE. The discretization of developed QLM form, is performed through Chebyshev spectral collocation method. We implemented Chebyshev spectral collocation method in spatial and temporal dimensions which turns the QLM form of PDE in the system of linear algebraic equations. The iterations are performed over the system of linear algebraic equations to get the numerical solution.
Over the last several years, AR, or Augmented Reality, has become a well-liked interactive technique. Because mobile devices pose restrictions in the form of limited resources, the crucial challenge is how fully to apply the merits of the AR technique. Of all interactive processes practiced by people, learning is one of the most interactive. The greatest influence on the learning process output is accomplished by means of the interaction between the audience and the instructor. After the introduction of e-learning, this was quickly followed by m-learning. The latter is catching the attention of both vendors of technology and researchers, owing to mobile technology advances which have enabled the use of mobile devices in the field of learning. I/O devices such as voice and touch screens, large, powerful displays, and the infinite interaction options, are some of the notable advances furthering m-Learning. The success of iTunes University initiative by Apple is one proof of m-Learning possibilities.The goal of this research is to deliver a framework which incorporates context-awareness and AR into m-learning, thereby augmenting the usability of the system and the level of interaction. An IPhone device was deployed the implemented framework. The flow of material using AR will make use of context awareness, the implementation focusing on a particular course. An AR and context-awareness m-learning framework was derived initially, and designed according to an extensive review of the literature. A context-awareness technique was used in informing the location of the students. Several factors are then considered in the recommending of suitable learning materials for the learners. Included are: frequency of interruption at that location; knowledge level; learning style; and concentration level. Two kinds of feasibility study were deployed in determining the potential of the framework for intended users as a mobile learning application. A pedagogical study was first conducted, exploring with learners, by means of interviews: (a) their learning requirements when studying in a mobile learning environment; (b) the potential of the framework in supporting their studies; and (c) the refined user-requirements of the system by means of the user-centred understanding. Secondly, a technical design of the framework was conducted, assisting in deciding whether, with the current mobile technologies, it would be realistic to implement the framework.
Data retrieval is tedious process in wireless sensor networks (WSN) due to the limitation in the coverage range and inefficiency in network connectivity. In order to overcome this, two level of data aggregation process is proposed in this paper. First level aggregation is done with CH locally and second level aggregation is done with the proposed PAN coordinator globally. The simulation result shows the improvement in energy conservation of sensor and the improvement in the lifetime of sensors in WSN